Carbohydrates are an important fuel supplier for the body. There are monosaccharides (e.g. glucose, fructose), disaccharides (e.g. sucrose, maltose, lactose) and polysaccharides (e.g. starch). It is primarily about the so-called glucose as it is the only sugar able to cross the blood-brain barrier to become a source of energy for the central nervous system (brain).

The liver’s aim is to produce glucose from supplied carbohydrates. If too much glucose came into the blood, the red platelets would agglutinate. Therefore, the pancreas releases the hormone insulin. This is regulated by the hypothalamus. Insulin works like a master key for the deposit of sugar in the cells of the body where conversion into fat takes place. Our body consumes about 10 to 12 g of glucose per hour. If glucose is supplied equally the body will not have to store energy as fat in the cells temporarily. Glucose in the blood is not the only decisive factory. So-called glucose transporters (GLUT1) need to be produced to make the blood reach the brain. Certain amino acids (protein elements) are necessary for this.


The diagram below shows the blood sugar curve. The analysis refers to a portion with 100 kcal. The body consumes about 100 kcal/h based on thermogenesis (heat production). The aim of nutrition is to balance this energy loss.

The profile on the left shows that appetite control lasts for about 19 minutes only. The reason is the composition of the nutrient profile. About 19 minutes after the intake of 100 kcal, the hypothalamus will send a signal of appetite again. The right profile (iSANO) shows that appetite is satiated for 89 minutes. The biggest problem with diets is hunger (appetite). iSANO provides an efficient solution. Based on the permanent supply with small portions (27g) and sufficient fiber, both stomach and intestine constantly contain some food bolus. Therefore, the body produces the hormone ghrelin, also known as appetite-suppressing hormone. This hormone also reduces the craving for alcohol, coffee and cigarettes.

Compison of blood sugar curves: